Working in cooperation with Belden, Joel Langill of RedHat Cyber and founder of has released one of the most comprehensive technical reports on the Dragonfly campaign and the impact of the Havex malware on industrial control systems, including new insight into who this attack may have been targeting (hint ... it is NOT the Energy Sector!). This four part series breaks the analysis into a set of "ABCD's for ICS", describing the Attack, the Building Blocks, the Consequences, and the Defenses. Click here for details.


On June 23, 2014, Finnish security research firm F-Secure reported on a cyber campaign targeting industrial sectors and the suppliers of equipment to these sectors, including many in critical infrastructure. SCADAhacker is actively conducting research on not only the malware and payloads as they relate to industrial systems, but also the specific consequences from this attack. All research, including raw data and results from this effort, is being closely coordinated with ICS-CERT, F-Secure, and VirusTotal. A new Resource Page has been added to the site to provide easy access to the latest information pertaining to this campaign.

SCADAhacker was conceived with the idea of providing relevant, candid, mission-critical information relating to industrial security of Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA), Distributed Control (DCS) and other Industrial Control Systems (ICS) in a variety of public and social media forums. Since its launch in December 2011, SCADAhacker now has thousands of readers and followers from over 50 countries around the world,  making it one of the leading sources for information sharing and knowledge development specifically devoted to industrial security.

The idea is simple - provide a single point of contact for a wide range of readers covering multiple industry segments for everything related to industrial security.

  • End-Users
  • Asset Owner-Operators
  • ICS Vendors & Suppliers
  • System Integrators
  • Engineering, Procurement &
    Construction Contractors
  • System Integrators
  • Security Researchers
  • Security Solution Providers
  • Oil and Gas
  • Petroleum Refining
  • Bulk Chemicals / Petrochemicals
  • Speciality Chemicals
  • Pulp, Paper & Printing
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Food & Beverage
  • Power Generation
  • Water/Wastewater
  • Manufacturing

An important aspect of cyber security for critical infrastructure protection focuses on a basic understanding and awareness of real-world threats and vulnerabilities that exist within the industrial automation and control system architectures used in most process industries and manufacturing facilities. These issues face the Distribution Control Systems (DCS) and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Systems (SCADA) that comprise most industrial environments, and impact not on the common IT infrastructure like Windows-based computers and network appliances (switches, routers and firewalls), but also embedded "proprietary" equipment such as programmable logic controllers (PLC), remote terminal units (RTU), intelligent electrical device (IED), basic process controllers (BPCS, safety instrumented systems (SIS), operator panels, and ancillary systems that are the basis of most integrated ICS architectures.

One key objective of the SCADAhacker website is to provide vital information that helps visitors understand and secure ICS systems used within most process and manufacturing environments. SCADAhacker provides visitors with a comprehensive collection of security-related resources including tools commonly used to secure and test ICS architectures, information on the latest threats, vulnerabilities, and exploits that exist for ICS architectures, and a comprehensive library of the latest in standards, best practices, guidelines, and ICS-related information that can be used to help improve the security of any ICS system.

Some of the research performed during work on the second edition of "Industrial Network Security" by Eric Knapp and Joel Langill has confirmed some "eye opening" facts that industrial systems are gaining the attention of not only security researchers, but also potential attackers. Data obtained from the Open-Source Vulnerability Database (OSVDB) shows that through the end of 2014, more than 85% of all ICS vulnerabilities have been disclosed since 2011 - the year following the discovery of Stuxnet. The OSVDB database currently tracks a total of 1034 ICS vulnerabilities, with 67 added in 2015. The days of "security by obscurity" are gone, and it is now time to realize the importance of implementing security programs specifically tailored for industrial systems and the operational technologies they utilize.

ICS Vulnerability Disclosures by Year ICS Vulnerability Disclosures by Type

Several dashboards are now available that provide visitors with a real-time look into the global security landscape looking at current threat intelligence, the vectors used to launch attacks, as well as the origin of leading threat agents (sources).

In addition to an extensive library of online information, SCADAhacker also offers public and private awareness and advanced training programs to learn, improve and apply the skills needed in industry today - those skills necessary to specify, design, assess, correct, monitor and maintain vitial industrial automation and control systems.

SCADAhacker is organized into several categories as described below.

One of the biggest challenges facing industry is the shortage of resources that understand not only traditional IT security concepts, but possess knowledge of the design and operation of industrial control systems. An extensive training curriculum is available to improve the knowledge of your team in both offensive (assessments and penetration) and defensive (security controls and audits) roles, covering basic awareness workshops to complete build-assess-secure courses specifically focused in ICS technologies.

Organizations, and even departments within organizations, possess varying levels of understanding with respect to industrial systems and how these operational technologies differ from more common information technologies. Experienced and inexperienced alike need to have easy access to relevant information regarding the latest standards, best practices and technologies available for Industrial security.

Equally important to securing control systems from cyber threats is the research that takes place to both uncover and understand vulnerabilities and other latent weaknesses that could impact the availability of the control system and the manufacturing facility that it controls.  A variety of software tools and environments are available to allow visitors to build test platforms and security labs upon which offensive research and defensive strategies can be analyzed.

Professional services are available to cover the complete lifecycle of control system security including risk assessment, risk classification, threat identification, security control selection, standards compliance, pre-commissioning testing, commissioning assistance, site audits and assessments. In 2014, a separate business entity is being created to support the increasing demand for specific services relating to ICS deployments. All services are performed using a unique "hard hat" approach to ICS security.

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