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SCADAhacker was conceived with the idea of providing relevant, candid, mission-critical information relating to industrial security of Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA), Distributed Control (DCS) and other Industrial Control Systems (ICS) in a variety of public and social media forums. Since its launch in December 2011, SCADAhacker has attracted and retained thousands of readers and followers from over 50 countries around the world, making it one of the leading sources for information sharing and knowledge development specifically devoted to industrial security.
The idea is simple - provide a single point of contact for a wide range of readers covering multiple industry segments for everything related to industrial security.
|INTENDED AUDIENCE||INDUSTRY SECTORS|
An important aspect of cyber security for critical infrastructure protection focuses on a basic understanding and awareness of real-world threats and vulnerabilities that exist within the industrial automation and control system architectures used in most process industries and manufacturing facilities. These issues face the Distribution Control Systems (DCS) and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Systems (SCADA) that comprise most industrial environments, and impact not on the common IT infrastructure like Windows-based computers and network appliances (switches, routers and firewalls), but also embedded "proprietary" equipment such as programmable logic controllers (PLC), remote terminal units (RTU), intelligent electrical device (IED), basic process controllers (BPCS, safety instrumented systems (SIS), operator panels, and ancillary systems that are the basis of most integrated ICS architectures.
On October 19, 2015, PBS NOVA aired a documentary entitled "CyberWar Threat" that included extended discussions with industry recognized experts including Ralph Langner (@LangnerGroup), Joe Weiss, Liam O'Murchu (@Liam_OMurchu), and Kim Zetter (@KimZetter).
The global cyberwar is heating up and the stakes are no longer limited to the virtual world of computers. Now, thanks in part to secret documents released by Edward Snowden, the true scale of the National Security Agency's scope and power is coming to light. Besides spending billions of dollars to ingest and analyze the worlds' electronic communications, the NSA has set out to dominate a new battlefield—cyberspace. NOVA examines the science and technology behind cyber warfare and asks if we are already in the midst of a deadly new arms race. Already, highly sophisticated, stealthy computer programs such as the notorious Stuxnet worm can take over and even destroy the control systems that regulate everything from food factories to gas pipelines, power plants, and chemical facilities—even our cars. While the destruction of Iranian centrifuges may have delayed Iran’s bomb program and forestalled an Israeli attack, the attack has opened a Pandora's Box, and now America's own critical infrastructure is vulnerable to retaliation and attack. With leading defense experts and investigative journalists who have probed the murky realm of criminal and strategic hacking, NOVA examines the chilling new reality of cyberwar in which no nation or individual is safe from attack.
One key objective of the SCADAhacker website is to provide vital information that helps visitors understand and secure ICS systems used within most process and manufacturing environments. SCADAhacker provides visitors with a comprehensive collection of security-related resources including tools commonly used to secure and test ICS architectures, information on the latest threats, vulnerabilities, and exploits that exist for ICS architectures, and a comprehensive library of the latest in standards, best practices, guidelines, and ICS-related information that can be used to help improve the security of any ICS system.
Some of the research performed during work on the second edition of "Industrial Network Security" by Eric Knapp and Joel Langill has confirmed some "eye opening" facts that industrial systems are gaining the attention of not only security researchers, but also potential attackers. Data obtained from the Open-Source Vulnerability Database (OSVDB) shows that through the end of 2014, more than 85% of all ICS vulnerabilities have been disclosed since 2011 - the year following the discovery of Stuxnet. The OSVDB database currently tracks a total of 1069 ICS vulnerabilities, with 98 added so far in 2015 (as of 5/22/15). [additional note: OSVDB.org appears to have stopped providing ICS vulnerability updates in their database. No indicator as to why, but no updates entered since May.] Based on first half data, the total number of vulnerabilities targeting ICS should exceed 150 for the fifth straight year. The days of "security by obscurity" are gone, and it is now time to realize the importance of implementing security programs specifically tailored for industrial systems and the operational technologies they utilize.
Several dashboards are now available that provide visitors
with a real-time look into the global security landscape
looking at current threat intelligence, the vectors used to
launch attacks, as well as the origin of leading threat
In addition to an extensive library of online information, SCADAhacker also offers public and private awareness and advanced training programs to learn, improve and apply the skills needed in industry today - those skills necessary to specify, design, assess, correct, monitor and maintain vitial industrial automation and control systems.
SCADAhacker is organized into several categories as described below.
|ADVANCED CYBER SECURITY TRAINING|
|One of the biggest challenges facing industry is the shortage of resources that understand not only traditional IT security concepts, but possess knowledge of the design and operation of industrial control systems. Courses are now available online to improve the knowledge of your team in both offensive (assessments and penetration) and defensive (security controls and audits) roles, covering basic awareness workshops to complete build-assess-secure courses specifically focused in ICS technologies.|
|Organizations, and even departments within organizations, possess varying levels of understanding with respect to industrial systems and how these operational technologies differ from more common information technologies. Experienced and inexperienced alike need to have easy access to relevant information regarding the latest standards, best practices and technologies available for Industrial security.|
|SECURITY RESEARCH TOOLS|
|Equally important to securing control systems from cyber threats is the research that takes place to both uncover and understand vulnerabilities and other latent weaknesses that could impact the availability of the control system and the manufacturing facility that it controls. A variety of software tools and environments are available to allow visitors to build test platforms and security labs upon which offensive research and defensive strategies can be analyzed.|